T. S. Eliot



Reflections on vers libre



Literatur: Eliot
Literatur: The New Statesman


We may therefore formulate as follows: the ghost of some simple metre should lurk behind the arras in even the "freest" verse; to advance menacingly as we doze, and withdraw as we rouse. Or, freedom is only truly freedom when it appears against the background of an artificial limitation.


And this liberation from rhyme might be as well a liberation of rhyme. Freed from its exacting task of supporting lame verse, it could be applied with greater effect where it is most needed. There are often passages in an unrhymed poem where rhyme is wanted for some special effect, for a sudden tightening-up, for a cumulative insistence, or for an abrupt change of mood. But formal rhymed verse will certainly not lose its place. We only need the coming of a Satirist – no man of genius is rarer – to prove that the heroic couplet has lost none of its edge since Dryden and Pope laid it down. As for the sonnet I am not so sure. But the decay of intricate formal patterns has nothing to do with the advent of vers libre. It had set in long before. Only in a closely-knit and homogeneous society, where many men are at work on the same problems, such a society as those which produced the Greek chorus, the Elizabethan lyric, and the Troubadour canzone, will the development of such forms ever be carried to perfection. And as for vers libre, we conclude that it is not defined by absence of pattern or absence of rhyme, for other verse is without these; that it is not defined by non-existence of metre, since even the worst verse can be scanned; and we conclude that the division between Conservative Verse and Vers Libre does not exist, for there is only good verse, bad verse, and chaos.





Erstdruck und Druckvorlage

New Statesman.
A Weekly Review of Politics and Literature.
Bd. 8, Nr. 204, 1917, 3. März, S. 518-519.

Gezeichnet: T. S. Eliot.

Unser Auszug: S. 519.

Die Textwiedergabe erfolgt nach dem ersten Druck (Editionsrichtlinien).

New Statesman   online
URL: https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/009663938





Kommentierte und kritische Ausgabe




Literatur: Eliot

Andrews, Richard: A Prosody of Free Verse. Explorations in Rhythm. New York 2017.

Beyers, Chris: A History of Free Verse. Fayetteville 2001.

Brandmeyer, Rudolf: Poetiken der Lyrik: Von der Normpoetik zur Autorenpoetik. In: Handbuch Lyrik. Theorie, Analyse, Geschichte. Hrsg. von Dieter Lamping. 2. Aufl. Stuttgart 2016, S. 2-15.

Callison, Jamie: Transmuting F. H. Bradley. T. S. Eliot's Notes Towards a Theory of Poetry. In: T. S. Eliot Studies Annual 1 (2017), S. 99-113.

Carr, Helen: The Verse Revolutionaries: Ezra Pound, H.D. and The Imagists. London 2009.

Danzer, Ina D.: T. S. Eliot, Ezra Pound und der französische Symbolismus. Heidelberg 1992 (= Heidelberger Forschungen, 29).

Ferreira, Carla S.: Seeing through French Eyes: Vers Libre in Whitman, Laforgue, and Eliot. In: Cambridge Quarterly 45.1 (2016), S. 20-41.

Glaser, Ben: Modernism's Metronome. Meter and Twentieth-Century Poetics. Baltimore 2020.

Gallup, Donald: T. S. Eliot. A Bibliography. London 1969.

Harding, Jason (Hrsg.): The New Cambridge Companion to T. S. Eliot. Cambridge 2017.

Hurley, Michael D.: Verse Style as a Mode of Religious Belief. London u. New York 2018.

Kindley, Evan: Poet-Critics and the Administration of Culture. Cambridge MA u. London 2017.

Linarès, Serge: Le front poétique en 1917. In: Littérature 188 (2017), S. 8-27.

Lipking, Lawrence: Poet-critics. In: The Cambridge History of Literary Criticism. Bd. 7: Modernism and the New Criticism. Hrsg. von A. Walton Litz. Cambridge u.a. 2000, S. 439-467.

Martin, Meredith: The Rise and Fall of Meter. Poetry and English National Culture, 1860-1930. Princeton u.a. 2012.

Meyer-Sickendiek, Burkhard: "free verse prosody". Eine Herausforderung an die germanistische Lyriktheorie. In: Deutsche Vierteljahrsschrift für Literaturwissenschaft und Geistesgeschichte 91 (2017), S. 431-453.

Murat, Michel: Le vers libre. Paris 2008 (= Littérature de notre siècle, 36).

Plasa, Stefan: Knots und Vortices. T. S. Eliots und Ezra Pounds Dichtungstheorie zwischen Tradition und Innovation. Paderborn u.a. 2010.

Pondrom, Cyrena N.: The Road from Paris. French Influence on English Poetry, 1900 – 1920. Cambridge 2010.   –   Zuerst 1974.

Sullivan, Hannah: Emerging Poetic Forms. In: Late Victorian into Modern. Hrsg. von Laura Marcus u.a. Oxford 2016, S. 103-118.

Vericat, Fabio L.: From Physics to Metaphysics. Philosophy and Allegory in the Critical Writings of T. S. Eliot. Valencia 2004.
S. 32-40: Vers libre and the Problem with Philosophy.



Literatur: The New Statesman

Cowley, Jason (Hrsg.): Statesmanship: The Best of the New Statesman, 1913-2019. London 2019.

Smith, Adrian: The New Statesman. Portrait of a Political Weekly, 1913 - 1931. London 1996.
Kap. 8: 'Literature is news that STAYS news' (Ezra Pound): The New Statesman as a literary review.



Lyriktheorie » R. Brandmeyer