Richard Aldington

 

 

Modern Poetry and the Imagists.

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Literatur: The Egoist

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Why do we call ourselves "Imagists"? Well, why not? People say, "Oh, because it looks silly, and everyone is some sort of an 'ist' and why give yourselves a tag, and what on earth does it mean, and it's dam cheek any way." Well, I think it a very good and descriptive title, and it serves to enunciate some of the principles we most firmly believe in. It cuts us away from the "cosmic" crowd and it equally bars us off from the "abstract art" gang, and it annoys quite a lot of fools. So there you are. And if you ask me exactly what Imagisme means, to explain it fully, I refer you to the two articles which appeared in "Poetry," one called "Imagisme" and the other "Some don'ts by an Imagiste."

I haven't that august journal – at least not that number – by me now, so let me say from memory what I, as an Imagist, consider the fundamental doctrines of the group. You will see that they are all practically stylistic.

1. Direct treatment of the subject.   This I consider very important. We convey an emotion by presenting the object and circumstance of that emotion without comment. For example, we do not say "O how I admire that exquisite, that beautiful, that – 25 more adjectives – woman" or "O exquisite, 0 beautiful, O 25 more adjectives woman, you are cosmic, let us spoon for ever," but we present that woman, we make an "Image" of her, we make the scene convey the emotion. Thus, Mr. Pound does not say "His Muse was wanton, though his life was chaste," but he says that he and his songs went out into the 4 a.m. of the world composing albas.

2. As few adjectives as possible.   Example, this translation from Moschus, where the effect of the Greek is singularly rich: – "And as Orpheus went down into Tartarus, and Odysseus and Heracles, so I, if I might, would go down to the dwelling of Ploutos to see thee. And since Orpheus played so that he was heard, I too will sing. He played the Sicilian song and sang the shepherds' music to Koré; and she also was of Sikilia and was gay in the valleys of Aetna, and knew the Doric singing." Only two adjectives in one of the most beautiful passages of Greek poetry!

3. A hardness, as of cut stone.   No slop, no sentimentality. When people say that Imagist poems are "too hard," "like a white marble monument," we chuckle; we know that we have done something good.

4. Individuality of rhythm.   We make new fashions instead of cutting our clothes on the old models. Mr. Hueffer says that the unit of our rhythms is the unit of conversation. I daresay he is right.

5. A whole lot of don'ts, which are mostly technical, which are boresome to anyone except those writing poetry, and which have been already published in Poetry.

6. The exact word.   We make quite a heavy stress on that. It is most important. All great poetry is exact. All the dreariness of nineteenth century poets comes from their not quite knowing what they wanted to say and filling up the gaps with portentous adjectives and idiotic similes. Have you seen those unfinished poems of Shelley, which go something like this: –

"O Mary dear, that you were here,
 With your tumtytum and clear,
 And your tumtytumty bosom
 Like a tumty ivy-blossom," &c.?

7. I know there are a lot more but I can't remember them now.

 

 

 

 

Erstdruck und Druckvorlage

The Egoist.
Bd. 1, 1914, Nr. 11, 1. Juni, S. 201-203.

Unser Auszug: 202.

Die Textwiedergabe erfolgt nach dem ersten Druck (Editionsrichtlinien).


The Egoist   online
URL: https://modjourn.org/journal/egoist/
URL: https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/000529711
URL: https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/102458528

The Egoist   inhaltsanalytische Bibliographie
URL: https://www.unionofegoists.com/journals/the-egoist-1914/#index-of-issues

 

 

Zeitschriften-Repertorium

 

 

 

Werkverzeichnis

Verzeichnis

Kershaw, Alister: A Bibliography of the Works of Richard Aldington from 1915 to 1948.
London: Quadrant Press 1950.



Aldington, Richard: Two Books.
In: The Egoist.
Bd. 1, 1914, Nr. 4, 16. Februar, S. 66-67.
URL: https://modjourn.org/journal/egoist/

Aldington, Richard: Le Latin Mystique.
In: The Egoist.
Bd. 1, 1914, Nr. 6, 16. März, S. 101-102.
URL: https://modjourn.org/journal/egoist/

Aldington, Richard: Modern Poetry and the Imagists.
In: The Egoist.
Bd. 1, 1914, Nr. 11, 1. Juni, S. 201-203.
URL: https://modjourn.org/journal/egoist/

Aldington, Richard: Some Recent French Poems.
In: The Egoist.
Bd. 1, 1914, Nr. 12, 15. Juni, S. 221-223.
URL: https://modjourn.org/journal/egoist/

Aldington, Richard (Übers.): Remy de Gourmont, Tradition and Other Things.
In: The Egoist.
Bd. 1, 1914, Nr. 14, 15. Juli, S. 261-262.
URL: https://modjourn.org/journal/egoist/

Aldington, Richard: Lautréamont.
In: The Egoist.
Bd. 1, 1914, Nr. 16, 15. August, S. 308-309.
URL: https://modjourn.org/journal/egoist/

Aldington, Richard (Übers.): Nicholas Beauduin, The New Poetry of France.
In: The Egoist.
Bd. 1, 1914, Nr. 16, 15. August, S. 313-316.
URL: https://modjourn.org/journal/egoist/

Aldington, Richard: Free Verse in England.
In: The Egoist.
Bd. 1, 1914, Nr. 18, 15. September, S. 351-352.
URL: https://modjourn.org/journal/egoist/

Aldington, Richard: Charles Péguy and His Work.
In: The Egoist.
Bd. 1, 1914, Nr. 20, 15. Oktober, S. 386-387.
URL: https://modjourn.org/journal/egoist/

Aldington, Richard: Two Poets.
In: The Egoist.
Bd. 1, 1914, Nr. 22, 16. November, S. 422-423.
URL: https://modjourn.org/journal/egoist/

Aldington, Richard: The Case of French Poetry.
In: The Little Review.
Bd. 1, 1915, Nr. 11, Februar, S. 18-19.
URL: https://modjourn.org/journal/little-review/

Aldington, Richard: A Young American Poet.
In: The Little Review.
Bd. 2, 1915, Nr. 1, März, S. 22-25.
URL: https://modjourn.org/journal/little-review/

Aldington, Richard: Some Reflections on Ernest Dowson.
In: The Egoist.
Bd. 2, 1915, Nr. 3, 1. März, S. 41-42.
URL: https://modjourn.org/journal/egoist/

Aldington, Richard: The Poetry of Paul Fort.
In: The Little Review.
Bd. 2, 1915, Nr. 2, April, S. 8-11.
URL: https://modjourn.org/journal/little-review/

Aldington, Richard: Decadence and Dynamism.
In: The Egoist.
Bd. 2, 1915, Nr. 4, 1. April, S. 56-57.
URL: https://modjourn.org/journal/egoist/

Aldington, Richard: The Poetry of Ezra Pound.
In: The Egoist.
Bd. 2, 1915, Nr. 5, 1. Mai, S. 71-72.
URL: https://modjourn.org/journal/egoist/

Aldington, Richard: The Poetry of Amy Lowell.
In: The Egoist.
Bd. 2, 1915, Nr. 7, 1. Juli, S. 109-110.
URL: https://modjourn.org/journal/egoist/

Aldington, Richard: Laurent Tailhade.
In: The Egoist.
Bd. 2, 1915, Nr. 10, 1. Oktober, S. 159-161.
URL: https://modjourn.org/journal/egoist/

Aldington, Richard: Remy de Gourmont.
In: The Egoist.
Bd. 2, 1915, Nr. 11, 1. November, S. 169.
URL: https://modjourn.org/journal/egoist/

Aldington, Richard: Remy de Gourmont.
In: The Drama.
Bd. 6, 1916, Nr. 22, Mai, S. 167-183.
URL: https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/000045323

Aldington, Richard: Poet and Painter: A Renaissance Fancy.
In: The Dial.
Bd. 62, 1917, Nr. 733, Januar, S. 7-9.
URL: https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/000052812



Copp, Michael (Hrsg.): An Imagist at War.
The Complete War Poems of Richard Aldington.
Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press 2002.

Copp, Michael (Hrsg.): Imagist Dialogues.
Letters between Aldington, Flint, and Others.
Cambridge: Lutterworth Press 2009.

Gates, Norman T. (Hrsg.): Richard Aldington.
An Autobiography in Letters.
University Park, Pa.: Pennsylvania State Univ. Press 1992.

Pondrom, Cyrena N.: The Road from Paris.
French Influence on English Poetry, 1900 – 1920.
Cambridge: University Press 2010.
mit mehreren Texten von Aldington.

Zilboorg, Caroline (Hrsg.): Richard Aldington and H.D.
Their Lives in Letters, 1918-1961.
Manchester u.a.: Manchester University Press 2003.

 

 

 

Literatur: Aldington

Brandmeyer, Rudolf: Poetiken der Lyrik: Von der Normpoetik zur Autorenpoetik. In: Handbuch Lyrik. Theorie, Analyse, Geschichte. Hrsg. von Dieter Lamping. 2. Aufl. Stuttgart 2016, S. 2-15.

Carr, Helen: Poetry: A Magazine of Verse (1912-36), 'Biggest of Little Magazines'. In: The Oxford Critical and Cultural History of Modernist Magazines. Hrsg. von Peter Brooker u.a. Bd. 2: North America 1894-1960. Oxford 2012, S. 40-60.

Doyle, Charles (Hrsg.): Richard Aldington: Reappraisals. Victoria, B.C., Canada 1990.

Doyle, Charles: Richard Aldington a biography. London 2015.

Gates, Norman T.: The Poetry of Richard Aldington. A Critical Evaluation and an Anthology of Uncollected Poems. University Park [u.a.] 1974.

Kelly, Lionel (Hrsg.): Richard Aldington: Papers from the Reading Symposium. Reading 1987.

Levenson, Michael H.: A Genealogy of Modernism. A study of English literary doctrine 1908 – 1922. Cambridge u.a. 1984.

Pondrom, Cyrena N.: The Road from Paris. French Influence on English Poetry, 1900 – 1920. Cambridge 2010.

Schuhmann, Klaus: Lyrik des 20. Jahrhunderts. Materialien zu einer Poetik. Reinbek bei Hamburg 1995 (= rowohlts enzyklopädie, 550).

Thacker, Andrew: The Imagist Poets. Tavistock 2011.

Whelpton, Vivien: Richard Aldington. Poet, Soldier, Lover. 1911 - 1929. Cambridge 2014.

Wicht, Wolfgang: "Language Is Made out of Concrete Things": The Imagist Movement and the Beginning of Anglo-American Modernism. In: Anglistik und Englischunterricht 79 (2013), S. 79-98.

 

 

Literatur: The Egoist

Binckes, Faith / Snyder, Carey (Hrsg.): Women, Periodicals and Print Culture in Britain, 1890s-1920s. The Modernist Period. Edinburgh 2019.

Bornstein, George: Material Modernism. The Politics of the Page. New York 2001.

Brooker, Peter: The Freewoman, The New Freewoman et The Egoist: femmes modernes et modernisme masculin. In: Revues modernistes anglo-américaines. Lieux d'échanges, lieux d’exil. Hrsg. von Benoît Tadié. Paris 2006, S. 129-140.

Clarke, Bruce: D. H. Lawrence and the Egoist Group. In: Journal of Modern Literature 18.1 (1992), S. 65-76.
URL: https://www.jstor.org/stable/3831547

Clarke, Bruce: Dora Marsden and Early Modernism: Gender, Individualism, Science. Ann Arbor 1996.

Clarke, Bruth: Suffragism, Imagism, and the "Cosmic Poet": Scientism and Spirituality in The Freewoman and The Egoist. In: Little Magazines & Modernism. New Approaches. Hrsg. von Suzanne Churchill u. Adam McKible. Aldershot, England 2007, S. 119-131.

Cuny, Noëlle: D'un style scientifique dans certaines revues d’avant-garde (BLAST, The Signature, The Egoist, 1914-1915). In: Études de stylistique anglaise [En ligne] 2 (2011), S. 23-38.
URL: http://journals.openedition.org/esa/1783

Doyle, Charles: Richard Aldington. A Biography. Basingstoke u.a. 1989.

Harding, Jason: Tradition and Egoism: T. S. Eliot and The Egoist. In: T. S. Eliot and the Concept of Tradition. Hrsg. von Giovanni Cianci. Cambridge u.a. 2007, S. 90-102.

Marek, Jayne: Women Editing Modernism. Lexington 1995.

Morrisson, Mark S.: The Public Face of Modernism. Little Magazines, Audiences, and Reception, 1905-1920. Madison, Wis. u.a. 2001.
Kap 3: Marketing British Modernism: The Freewoman, the Egoist, and Counterpublic Speres (S. 84-132).

Rabaté, Jean-Michel: Tradition moderniste ou taxonomie des petites revues: The New Age, The Egoist, transition. In: Revues modernistes anglo-américaines. Lieux d'échanges, lieux d’exil. Hrsg. von Benoît Tadié. Paris 2006, S. 31-57.

Rabaté, Jean-Michel: Gender and Modernism: The Freewoman (1911-12); The New Freewoman (1913), and The Egoist (1914-19). In: The Oxford Critical and Cultural History of Modernist Magazines. Hrsg. von Peter Brooker u.a. Bd. 1: Britain and Ireland 1880-1955. Oxford 2009, S. 269-289.

Thacker, Andrew: Dora Marsden and The Egoist: "Our War Is With Words". In: English Literature in Transition, 1880-1920. Vol. 36.2 (1993), S. 179-196.

 

 

Edition
Lyriktheorie » R. Brandmeyer