John Payne



Literatur: Payne
Literatur: Ballade

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Texte zur Mallarmé-Rezeption


                  Double Ballad.
        Of the Singers of the Time.



Why are our songs like the moan of the main,
      When the wild winds buffet it to and fro,
(Our brothers ask us again and again),
      A weary burden of hope laid low?
      Have birds ceased singing or flowers to blow?
Is life cast down from its fair estate?
      This I answer them, nothing mo',
Songs and singers are out of date.



[89] What shall we sing of? Our hearts are fain,
      Our bosoms burn with a sterile glow.
Shall we sing of the sordid strife for gain
      For shameful honour, for wealth and woe,
      Hunger and luxury – weeds that throw
Up from one seeding their flowers of hate?
      Can we tune our lute to these themes? ah no!
Songs and singers are out of date.



Our songs should be of faith without stain,
      Of haughty honour and deaths that sow
The seeds of life on the battle-plain,
      Of loves unsullied and eyes that show
      The fair white soul in the deeps below.
Where are they, these that our songs await,
      To wake to joyance?   Doth any know?
Songs and singers are out of date.



What have we done with meadow and lane?
      Where are the flowers and the hawthorn snow?
Acres of brick in the pitiless rain, –
      These are our gardens for thorpe and stow!
      Summer has left us long ago,
Gone to the lands where the turtles mate
      And the crickets chirp in the wild rose row;
Songs and singers are out of date.



We sit and sing to a world in pain,
      Our heartstrings quiver sadly and slow;
But, aye and anon, the murmurous strain
      Swells up to a clangour of strife and throe,
      [90] And the folks that hearken, or friend or foe,
Are ware that the stress of the time is great
      And say to themselves, as they come and go,
Songs and singers are out of date.



Winter holds us, body and brain:
      Ice is over our being's flow;
Song is a flower that will droop and wane,
      If it have no heaven toward which to grow.
      Faith and beauty are dead, I trow
Nothing is left but fear and fate:
      Men are weary of hope; and so
Songs and singers are out of date.






Ballades and Rondeaus, Chants Royal, Sestinas, Villanelles, &c.
Selected, with chapter on the various forms, by Gleeson White.
London: Walter Scott 1887, S. 88-90.

Gezeichnet: JOHN PAYNE.

Die Textwiedergabe erfolgt nach dem ersten Druck (Editionsrichtlinien).




Literatur: Payne

Brandmeyer, Rudolf: Poetologische Lyrik. In: Handbuch Lyrik. Theorie, Analyse, Geschichte. Hrsg. von Dieter Lamping. 2. Aufl. Stuttgart 2016, S. 164-168.

Edwards, Peter J.: Un Disciple anglais de Gautier: John Payne. In: Bulletin de la Société Théophile Gautier 21 (1999), S. 253-265.

Gymnich, Marion / Müller-Zettelmann, Eva: Metalyrik: Gattungsspezifische Besonderheiten, Formenspektrum und zentrale Funktionen. In: Metaisierung in Literatur und anderen Medien. Theoretische Grundlagen – Historische Perspektiven – Metagattungen – Funktionen. Hrsg. von Janine Hauthal u.a. Berlin u.a. 2007 (= spectrum Literaturwissenschaft / spectrum Literature, 12), S. 65-91.

Payne, John: New Poems.
London: Newman and CO. 1880.

Stauffer, Andrew M.: Notes and Documents. Five Letters from D. G. Rossetti to John Payne. In: Huntington Library Quarterly. Studies in English and American History and Literature 66.1-2 (2003), S. 177-189.

Thain, Marion: Decadent Forms: Parnassus in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction. In: Decadent Poetics. Literature and Form at the British Fin de Siècle. Hrsg. von Jason David Hall u. Alex Murray. New York 2013 (= Palgrave Studies in Nineteenth-Century Writing and Culture), S. 65-82.

Thain, Marion: The Lyric Poem and Aestheticism. Forms of Modernity. Edinburgh 2016.
Vgl. S. 91-92.



Literatur: Ballade

Bartl, Andrea u.a. (Hrsg.): Die Ballade. Neue Perspektiven auf eine traditionsreiche Gattung. Würzburg 2017.

Berner, Hannah: Inszenierte Volkstümlichkeit in Balladen von 1800 bis 1850. Heidelberg 2020.

Buffard-Moret, Brigitte / Demaules, Mireille (Hrsg.): La Ballade, histoire et avatars d'une forme poétique. Paris 2020.

Bushell, Sally (Hrsg.): The Cambridge Companion to 'Lyrical Ballads'. Cambridge 2020.

Cohen, Michael C. (Hrsg.): The Ballad. A Special Issue on Historical Poetics and Genre. In: Nineteenth-Century Literature 71.2 (2016), S. 147-255.

Daub, Adrian: What the Ballad Knows. The Ballad Genre, Memory Culture, and German Nationalism. New York 2022.

Henville, Letitia (Hrsg.): Ballads [Special Issue]. In: Victorian Poetry 54 (2016), S. 411-524.

Labarthe, Judith u.a. (Hrsg.): La ballade (XVIIIe - XXe siècle). Littérature savante, littérature populaire et musique. Nantes 2008.

Laufhütte, Hartmut: Die deutsche Kunstballade.. Grundlegung einer Gattungsgeschichte. Heidelberg 1979.

Newman, Steve: Ballad Collection, Lyric, and the Canon. The Call of the Popular from the Restoration to the New Criticism Philadelphia 2007.

Schwarz-Scherer, Marianne: Lyrisches Erzählen. Eine Gattungsgeschichte der DDR-Ballade. Berlin 2021.



Lyriktheorie » R. Brandmeyer